Dark or light roast coffee: Whats the difference?

When it comes to coffee, one of the most common choices people face is whether to go for a dark roast or a light roast. Both have their own unique flavours and characteristics, and it really comes down to personal preference. In this post, we'll compare the two and explore the differences between dark roast and light roast coffee.

First, let's define the two types of roasts:

  • Light roast: Light roast coffee is roasted for a shorter amount of time than dark roast coffee. It has a light brown colour and a dry surface. The flavour of light roast coffee is more delicate, with a bright and acidic taste and a smooth, tea-like body.

  • Dark roast: Dark roast coffee is roasted for a longer amount of time than light roast coffee. It has a deep brown colour and an oily surface. The flavour of dark roast coffee is bold and robust, with a smoky and bitter taste and a full-bodied mouthfeel.

Now, let's delve into the differences between the two roasts:

  • Flavour profile: As mentioned above, light roast coffee has a bright and acidic flavour, while dark roast coffee has a smoky and bitter flavour. The longer roasting time of dark roast coffee results in a more developed flavour, as the coffee beans are exposed to heat for a longer period of time. This leads to the characteristic smoky flavour of dark roast coffee. On the other hand, the shorter roasting time of light roast coffee preserves the bright and acidic flavours of the coffee beans.

  • Caffeine content: It is a common misconception that dark roast coffee has more caffeine than light roast coffee. However, this is not the case. The roasting process does not affect the caffeine content of coffee beans. The amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee is determined by the type of coffee beans used and the brewing method, rather than the roast level.

  • Acidity: Light roast coffee has a higher acidity level than dark roast coffee due to the shorter roasting time. The acidity of coffee is determined by the type of coffee beans and the growing conditions, and is not affected by the roasting process. However, the flavour of the acidity may be more pronounced in light roast coffee due to the more delicate flavour profile.

So, which is the better choice? Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference. If you prefer a bold and robust flavour, you may prefer dark roast coffee. If you prefer a more delicate and bright flavour, you may prefer light roast coffee. Both have their own unique characteristics, and it's worth trying both to see which one you like better.